Hair Conditions

Hair and Scalp Disorders of Men and Women

Hair conditions include hair loss, thinning, alopecia, scarring alopecia, or excessive hair growth. Hair loss (alopecia) affects nearly 80 million men and women. Alopecia is more common in older adults but can be found in children as well. This can affect only the hair on your scalp or your entire body.

Types of Hair and Scalp Disorders

  • Hair Loss (Alopecia): This can be gradual thinning, patchy bald spots, sudden loss of hair, or full body hair loss. Hair loss can be hereditary, results of changes in hormone levels, medical condition, or due to the natural process of old age.
  • Hair Thinning: most commonly caused by genetics, medical, or lifestyle. Particular hair products or going through hormonal changes from having a baby, stop taking birth control, and other changes can cause hair thinning.
  • Scarring Alopecia: Only found in roughly 3% of patients with a hair condition. Scarring alopecia results in scar tissue forming in damaged hair follicles. Cases can be gradual and worsen over time and associated with severe itching and pain.
  • Excessive Hair Growth (Hirsutism): A condition for women that produces excessive hair on the face, chest, or back. This hair tends to be darker and coarse.

Hair and Scalp Treatments

The first thing the dermatologist will do is determine what is causing your hair condition. Identifying whether your condition is due to disease, hormone level changes, infections, hereditary, etc. is crucial for selecting the most effective solution. Several medications are available to help treat common hair loss.